Developing Proposal Areas for New Social Housing Designs: The Case of Southeastern Anatolia Region
ABSTRACT The housing need in Turkey has been a topic that always remains on the agenda and generally the planned areas have been inadequate and the housing construction speed has fallen behind the housing need of the increasing population. In many countries of the world, social housing projects are developed offering different options to meet the housing need. In Turkey, the social housing projects are made by the Housing Development Administration of the state in order to meet the housing needs of people with different income groups. Especially after 1980, since the social housings started upon the establishment of the Housing Development Administration have been constructed in slum prevention areas or due to their affordable prices and the reasons such as choosing a place in the public land, the construction of these housings has accelerated in urban fringes. Constructing the social housing buildings build on a wide area by considering the properties such as agricultural area, forest or natural area which are in the fringes of the settlements having different topography and climate for location selection is crucial for the preservation of the ecological balance. The most suitable land use type is first determined through land suitability analyses that consider land properties and user needs. Today, GIS is widely used to determine suitability of the settlement. The aim of the present study is to determine the areas suitable for social housing in the metropolitan has dense population growth in the Southeast Anatolia Region (Turkey) by using GIS.