Analysis of the Space Usage by Directors in Turkish Cinema between the Period of 1960-1975: “Atıf Yılmaz Batıbeki, Lütfi Ömer Akad, Metin Erksan, Memduh Ün”
ABSTRACT Like in all areas of art, architecture and cinema are in continuous interaction with each other. This interaction between architecture and cinema makes spaces an impressive element for cinema. In this context, people's desire to be able to change the environment in which they are living increases the importance of spaces. Cinema has been continuously changing amid social events through the periods of “Pre-Yeşilçam period” and “film auteur period” since the day it entered in Turkey. The period between 1960 and 1975 is an exceptional era of change and renewal for Turkey and Turkish Cinema. The acceleration of Turkish Cinema in this era has led various artists leading the change and development to arise. In this study, space use in Turkish Cinema, language and narration of spaces and the relationship with the point of view of the directors were investigated. It was intended to read and analyze the melodramatic movies of 1960-1975 by “Atıf Yılmaz Batıbeki, Lütfi Ömer Akad, Metin Erksan, Memduh Ün” who are considered as the leaders of the era of “film auteur period” in Turkish Cinema. 5 movies from each of these mentioned 4 directors, making a total of 20 movies were analyzed in the sense of “space, technique and narration”. Through the information gathered, it was concluded that even though different directors had different approaches on melodramatic movies of 1960-1975 area, these films have similar styles and properties, using urban images frequently and widely using single environment spaces.