New Building Design in Original Rural Texture within the Scope of Sustainability: A Studio Experience - Konya Kilistra
Sustainability is a dynamic process including the concepts of time, continuity, conservation and liveability with change. The architectural principles of sustainability are the production of the one belonged to “place, culture and context”, conservation of resources and the design of liveable environments. In this scope, it is necessary to maintain the relationship between today and future with the creative continuity of the past in historical environments where has its own unique characteristics formed in a determined process. The adopting and application of the sustainable architecture principles in local and cultural scale as architectural design approach can be provided by education programs. This experience is gained in the design studios in architectural education. The importance of the design studios in the architectural education is very much and valuable. Design studios are application areas where the knowledge gained in other theoretical courses is synthesized. The problems in the design studios and their solutions contain serial systematic learning which has content-subject, theme, place, context, method and process. Students improve themselves by searching solutions for the problems they face in the design process with their studio executives’ experiences. The idea of experiencing to design a new building in a historical and at the same time rural texture where the quality of the place is used as design input in a historical environment as an expression of a culture and historical accumulation in design studios and the students adopting to produce buildings sensitive to sustainability is common view of the architectural academicians in all over the world. In the name of making the students gain the sustainable architecture consciousness, the study area of 4th Semester Design Studio in Department of Architecture in Selcuk University is given as "Kilistra Urban Archaeological Site" where the criterion formed by the historical and rural environment data should be turned into architectural values and leads the design decisions. The design problem in this site rural area, where has unique qualities, was determined as designing a "culture house" - a socio-cultural centre both the local people and visitors would use together and the students are asked to produce a new building belongs to place and context in this archaeological site. The problematic of how to design new buildings in original, historical and rural environment, how they should be, how to maintain the socio – cultural sustainability in the context of place – culture and identity are exposed. In this study; the process of new building design realization in historical environment in the scope of providing the sustainability of place ,context, culture, identity, locality, history, texture, tradition, originality concepts are explained. The analyses of the basic concepts like tradition and relation, and design products were exemplified.