Analogical Design - An Evaluation in the Context of the Iconic Structure Relationship


Abstract Architectural design; It is a visual communication product that reflects the feelings and thoughts of the designer and connects with the user. The phenomenon of architecture uses a unique language for this expression. One of these architectural languages is analogy. Analogy in architecture is a method of inspiration that is used for the purpose of creating meaning and contributing to the production process, mostly trying to reach creativity. From past to present, architects have used analogy in their designs in order to be original. Today, unusual and innovative iconic structures often include analogy in designs for the purpose of being original and transcending the ordinary. Iconic structures are structures that have a strong associative meaning, enable a form or concept to remain in the minds of users. In order to provide this symbolic value, analogies are frequently used in iconic architectural design. Within the scope of this study, the concept of analogy, which has an important place in architecture, was discussed in detail, how it was perceived in the historical process and how it was classified by experts in this field, a literature search was conducted, and a new analogy classification was developed by considering the concept of analogy from a new perspective. It is seen that recent hit architects frequently apply to analogical design in their iconic structures. In this context, in order to define the iconic building-analogy relationship, the definition of iconic building, the criteria that make up iconic buildings, the importance of iconic buildings for the city were discussed and 16 contemporary icon structures designed in the 21st century were determined and classified with the table developed within the scope of the study. In order to obtain information about the selected structures, a comprehensive literature search was conducted; Information about the buildings, architectural design stories of the buildings, sources of inspiration were researched, and expert architects were interviewed about the buildings. In the light of all this information, the buildings were classified in accordance with the new analogical classification table and determinations were made in the context of the iconic building-analogy relationship.